## Paint Job Estimating

How to: Estimating Painting Jobs is the most asked question and the most often viewed articles that I write.

Painters have been around for a long time, so paint estimating is not "rocket surgery". I can give you a starting point based on my job costs; absolutely You need to create a job cost history of your own.

To estimate painting an interior room, I measure this room, say 12Lx16Wx8H, and without I have a lot of open space, I do not deduct for doors or windows, normally. I take two widths (24) PLUS 2 lengths (32) TIMES the height (8), or 448. 4.48 (because in construction we count in "hundreds" so 448 = 4.48 hundreds, right?) X.667 x \$ 25 = \$ 74.70 to roll one coat of latex paint on a smooth wall. Not counting paint.

So, let's say I estimate painting one hundred square feet of smooth wall surface at the rate of.667 hours. In other words if I charge \$ 25 / hour (I would probably say to go to work at the post office instead), because you are not making \$ 25 after expenses, but let's pursue this. One hundred square feet of wall in a re-paint, not new construction, because painting new construction is a much lower rate per square foot because a painter can go much faster. Why? Setting up, protection, preparation and cleanup are almost zero. So when you painters talk to each other, make sure that you are talking apples to apples.

Any, so my rate is \$ 16.67 to paint 100 square feet of wall in a lived in home not new construction.
So point one, is that our estimate?

Where do we estimate prep, cleanup, replacing plate covers, traveling to buy paint, break time (nobody works 8 hours in an 8 hour day unless you are superman), cleanup, dealing with the customer.

Point two in paint estimating.

Why this is only a starting point is that:

1) You may go faster or slower than me so you have to time yourself and / or your crew. And then use your job times not mine. Each house may have different rates. Your crew is faster or slower.
2) What if it takes you 3 hours to drive to the job?

This list could go on forever, but we need guide lines.

Keep track of how long it takes your crew to do a room.

Start your painting estimate with YOUR historical time to paint a room or door or window. And then look at it individually, for example, do you have to stop working and leave the house when the mother takes the kids to school?
Do you have to clean up each night?

How much spackle?
How much prep?
Clean up?

## Tropical Butterflies in the World's Tropical Rainforests

If you are sufficient enough to visit a rainforest you will no doubt be eager to look at the birds and animals within. Yet, for many visitors, although they can hear the sounds of the wildlife, seeing it is another thing. Some of the rainforest`s animals are nocturnal, and the birds are in the canopy of the forest.

One creature you are likely to see, though, is the tropical butterfly.

Butterflies are important rainforest insects. They feed on nectar, and are important because they pollinate flowers.

Tropical butterflies are often larger than those you may see in your garden, and many boast beautiful colors. The green of the forest is an ideal backdrop for the brilliant blue, red, and yellow butterflies that flit about in the clearings. Apart from these traditional colors, in South America you may also see butterflies with transparent wings. Not all butterflies are colorful, some are camouflaged to leave leaves, or the bark of trees.

Tropical rainforests are the most diverse ecosystems on earth. The number of different butterfly species inhabiting the rain forest is amazing. An eight-square kilometer area of ​​rainforest contains as many as 1500 species of flowering plants, 750 species of trees, 125 species of mammals, 400 species of birds, 100 species of reptiles, 60 species of amphibians, and 150 species of butterflies. More than half of the world's plant and animal species inhabit the 6 percent of the world that is covered in rainforest.

Although a butterfly's wing may exhibit a full range of colors, these hues generally do not depend on many different pigments. The wing compacts a transparent membrane on which thousands of tiny scales are attached, and each scale usually has just one pigment. However, scales of different colors combine to give the impression to the observer of yet another color.

In a study by The University of Exeter, UK, research appears in the journal Science. The study concluded that fluorescent patches on the wings of African swallowtail butterflies work in a very similar way to high emission light emitting diodes (LEDs).

Unlike your garden at home, because most flowers bloom high up in the canopy, where they provide nectar for the butterflies, they can not be seen by a visitor on the ground. Fortunately, male butterflies come down to earth for salt. It is thought that the mating process may deple them of necessary minerals, which they replenish by sucking up moisture from wet ground. Thus, a damp forest path or the edge of a small stream may prove the ideal place to observe the butterflies of the rain forest. This partly explains why males institute the vast majority of butterflies clustering around salty ground. Butterflies seek out salt to obtain additional compounds that need to function as adults; the plants they ate when they were caterpillars had low levels of some critical compounds. For example, plant tissues have relatively little salt, which is essential for all animals.

If all you leave with your memories of the beautiful …

## Office Interior Design Ideas For Your Home Office

With the internet becoming more and more prevalent in today's society, it
comes as no surprise that many people now have the ability to work form home.
You are one of those people, and have allotted a room in your house as your
office space. However, the room is rather bare at the moment, and you want to

The first thing that you need to think about is the primary use of your home
office. For example, will it be the kind of place that you have clients come in
to visit? Or, will it be the kind of place that you use just for yourself? This
will make a difference in the overall theme.

If you are going to have clients in it, you will, of course, need to choose a
design that is professional. Thus, you should allot a certain area of ​​your area
to a couch or a couple of plush chairs, along with a coffee table and reading
materials. Ideally, leather is the most professional look for this area.

Regardless of whether or not you will be having clients, you should make the
atmosphere as comfortable as possible. For example, what is one thing that you
notice? If you answered fish tanks, then you have the right answer! Why are
there fish tanks in so many offices? The answer is that it is relaxing to watch
the fish, and it is also a stylish addition.

Thus, you should consider having a fish tank as well. If, however, you do not
want to deal with the upkeep of having one, you can also consider something in
the same area, such as a waterfall. However, while this office interior design
is a great way to make your home office more interesting, make sure the sounds
are not distracting you from your work!

The most important section of any home office is the workstation itself. You
will need a desk that can conveniently accommodate your PC as well as files and
other important supplies. However, make sure that the desk is not so large that
it takes up the majority of the room. You can find office workstations at your
local furniture store.

For more information on office interior design ideas, be sure to check out various business magazines. In those magazines are often pictures, and those pictures can give you ideas. Also, be sure to
search the internet, since there are many different websites that offer ideas. …

A functional and comfortable kitchen is now a growing trend among new houses. Traditionally, the kitchen only serves as the preparation area for food. However, in today's modern homes, it also serves other functions besides from serving. As many homemakers turn to being working moms, the ideal kitchen should also provide space for their other needs. When thinking about a kitchen renovation, here are some few tips to ensure comfort and functionality of your new haven.

Use Quality Materials

Kitchen renovation is quite expensive, making it a seldom occurrence in the home. In order to turn it to your dream kitchen, make sure you invest in high quality materials. Choose materials that will not accumulate dirt through the years. Choose tiles and countertops that are smudge-free. Allot sufficient time for finding the perfect kitchen countertop. You can get kitchen countertop ideas by visiting showrooms and home improvement centers. Always look for quality materials to use for your kitchen. When you use good materials for your tiles, cabinets and drawers, chances are your kitchen will last many years without needing another renovation.

Before you even start buying all the materials, decide on the theme of your kitchen. Kitchen renovation becomes easier when you have an idea of ​​the kitchen you want to have. Coordinate your kitchen's accessories with the fixtures and the color of the wall. Be it a Contemporary or Mediterranean style; match your kitchen with your personality and the overall theme of your home.

Arrangement

If you want to increase the functionality of the kitchen, make sure you have enough space to work in. Whenever you do kitchen renovation, avoid placing appliances or fixtures in the middle for you to have room for constant movement. Place the bulky things on the side to make the kitchen airy and spacious.

Kitchen renovation may seem to be a difficult task. But as you go along, the task can be enjoyable and rewarding. You can get more ideas for renovation from magazines, books or on the net. Just modify the designs and styles to suit your family's needs and your home's theme. …

## Concrete Garden Benches Lend Unique Character to a Special Lady's Garden

Nearly all women love to receive flowers, chocolates, and jewelry, but have you thought about giving something truly unique-say, an engraved concrete garden bench? Perhaps you're not the type who heads for the mall when you want a gift to acknowledge a special woman in your life, whether you call her Mom, Nana, or Sweetie. It's important to you what you select will really suit her and give her a smile, and that's exactly the result you get when you give her a concrete garden bench personalized with a name or message.

Set among flowers or in the shade of a favorite tree, the garden bench provides a place for one person to sit and reflect, or for two people to share conversation. One specific aspect of the concrete bench that makes it an ideal gift is its low maintenance factor. The lucky recipient will get something she will simply enjoy, without the obligation of a lot of necessary care. It's illegally that the bench will ever collect any dirt (although it is possible after heavy rains if the bench is set within spacing distance of garden soil), but if it does just a simple hosing-off will take care of that. Accessories such as pillows or cushions can add color and comfort while further personalizing the bench.

Besides the great feeling you'll get when you see that beloved lady unveil a gift that truly touches her heart, it's heartwarming to know that you'll be in her thoughts every time she uses (or simply walks by) the bench. It's a wonderful way to:

o mark the birth of a child

o note a milestone achieved (such as a graduation or religious rite)

o immortalize a favorite verse